Knowledge Base Category -
CMS recently published the following information about expanding the use of (bivalent) COVID-19 vaccines and new bivalent vaccine CPT codes in the Thursday, October 27, 2022 edition of MLN Connects (link).
The CDC recently expanded the use of updated (bivalent) COVID-19 vaccines to children ages 5 through 11 years. This followed the FDA’s authorization of updated COVID-19 vaccines from Pfizer-BioNTech for children ages 5 through 11 years and from Moderna for children and adolescents ages 6 through 17 years. People with Medicare, Medicaid, Children’s Health Insurance Program coverage, private insurance coverage, or no health coverage can get COVID-19 vaccines, including the updated Moderna and Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccines, at no cost, for as long as the federal government continues purchasing and distributing these COVID-19 vaccines.
CMS issued 4 new CPT codes effective October 12, 2022:
Code 91314 for Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine, Bivalent Product:
- Long descriptor: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) (coronavirus disease [COVID-19]) vaccine, mRNA-LNP, spike protein, bivalent, preservative free, 25 mcg/0.25 mL dosage, for intramuscular use
- Short descriptor: SARSCOV2 VAC BVL 25MCG/.25ML
Code 91315 for Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine, Bivalent Product:
- Long descriptor: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) (coronavirus disease [COVID-19]) vaccine, mRNA-LNP, bivalent spike protein, preservative free, 10 mcg/0.2 mL dosage, diluent reconstituted, tris-sucrose formulation, for intramuscular use
- Short descriptor: SARSCOV2 VAC BVL 10MCG/0.2ML
Code 0144A for Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine, Bivalent - Administration – Booster Dose:
- Long descriptor: Immunization administration by intramuscular injection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) (coronavirus disease [COVID-19]) vaccine, mRNA-LNP, spike protein, bivalent, preservative free, 25 mcg/0.25 mL dosage, booster dose
- Short descriptor: ADM SRSCV2 BVL 25MCG/.25ML B
Code 0154A for Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine, Bivalent - Administration – Booster Dose:
- Long descriptor: Immunization administration by intramuscular injection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) (coronavirus disease [COVID-19]) vaccine, mRNA-LNP, bivalent spike protein, preservative free, 10 mcg/0.2 mL dosage, diluent reconstituted, tris-sucrose formulation, booster dose
- Short descriptor: ADM SARSCV2 BVL 10MCG/.2ML B
See the full news alert (link)
Source: Thursday October 27, 2022 MLN Connects: https://www.cms.gov/outreach-and-educationoutreachffsprovpartprogprovider-partnership-email-archive/2022-10-27-mlnc
Did You Know?
Novavax COVID-19 Vaccine, Adjuvanted (NVX-CoV2373) is a new COVID-19 vaccination that the FDA has approved for Emergency Use Authorization (PHE) for individuals 18 years or older (link).
Why is Matters?
This is the first protein-based COVID-19 vaccine to receive Emergency Use Authorization and CDC endorsement (link) in the United States. This vaccine is to be administered as a series of two doses given three weeks apart. It is not authorized for use as a booster dose.
According to an HHS Press Release (link), “The Novavax COVID-19 vaccine is designed and manufactured differently than the mRNA COVID-19 vaccines. The Novavax COVID-19 vaccine contains SARS-CoV-2 recombinant spike protein, which is also known as an “antigen” of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, in combination with an adjuvant, which enhances the immune system response to the spike protein.
FDA-approved protein-based vaccines have been used widely for decades; examples of more recently approved vaccines that contain a purified protein combined with an adjuvant include vaccines to prevent hepatitis B and shingles. The Novavax COVID-19 vaccine offers an option to individuals who may be allergic to a component in the mRNA vaccines, or who have a personal preference for receiving a vaccine other than an mRNA-based vaccine.”
What Can You Do?
As a health care professional review the CDC’s overview and safety information about this vaccine (link), and become familiar with how to code and bill for this newly vaccine.
Coding and Billing
CMS issued new codes for this vaccine, effective July 13.
- Vaccine code: 91304,
- Administration codes: 0041A and 0042A,
We are having skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) not take patients until they have had a 3 midnight stay. Is the COVID-19 waiver still in effect?
Effective March 1, 2020, CMS implemented 1135 blanket waivers to expand the Administration’s efforts against COVID-19. These waivers are in effect through the end of the emergency declaration or at such time CMS believes it is appropriate to terminate them.
The COVID-19 PHE declaration was last renewed on April 12, 2022 with an effective date of April 16, 2022 (link). When the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) makes a PHE declaration, it lasts for the duration of the PHE or 90 days but may be extended by the Secretary for as long as the PHE continues to exist.
On April 7, 2022, CMS issued a Memorandum (link) alerting certain providers (i.e., SNFs, NFs, inpatient hospices) of the termination of several COVID-19 blanket waivers. The Memorandum Summary indicates that “applicable waivers will remain in effect for hospitals and critical access hospitals (CAH).”
The 3-Day Prior Hospitalization waiver falls under the Long-Term Care Facilities and Skilled Nursing Facilities (SNFs) and/or Nursing Facilities (NFs) section of the CMS COVID-19 Emergency Declaration Blanket Waivers for Health Care Providers document (link). That said, it is not one of the waivers that is being terminated at this time. You will find the full description of this waiver on page sixteen of the April 7, 2022, iteration of the document.
In January 2021, acting HHS Secretary Norris Cochran sent a letter to governors across the country to share details about the COVID-19 PHE indicating that “when a decision is made to terminate the declaration or let it expire, HHS will provide states with 60 days’ notice prior to termination.”
In a May 10, 2022 letter to HHS Secretary Becerra (link), the American Hospital Association along with several other organizations (i.e., AARP, American Diabetes Association, American Medical and Nurses Associations) urged the PHE be maintained “until we experience an extended period of greater stability and, guided by science and data, can safely unwind the resulting flexibilities.”
As we are now less than 60 days out to the end of the current COVID-19 PHE declaration, it is likely that it will be extended at least through October 2022.
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