NOTE: All in-article links open in a new tab.

FY 2023 IPPS Final Rule: Services & Technologies Eligible for Add-On Payment

Published on 

Wednesday, August 31, 2022

“The primary objective of the IPPS and the LTCH PPS is to create incentives for hospitals to operate efficiently and minimize unnecessary costs, while at the same time ensuring that payments are sufficient to adequately compensate hospitals for their legitimate costs in delivering necessary care to Medicare beneficiaries.”
- Source: Appendix A: Economic Analysis of FY 2023 IPPS Final Rule

CMS published the Fiscal Year (FY) 2023 Inpatient Prospective Payment System (IPPS) Final Rule (CMS-1771-F) in the Federal Register on Wednesday, August 10, 2022. Section F. Add-On Payments for New Services and Technologies for FY 2023 begins on page 48903. This article reviews the pathways to receiving new technology status, payment, coding, FY 2023 new technologies by the numbers and what to do moving forward.

New Technology Add-On Payment Pathways

There are several pathways for a new service or technology to be approved for New Technology Add-On Payments (NTAPs) including:

  • Traditional Pathway: To meet this pathway, the medical service or technology must be new, must be costly such that the DRG rate otherwise applicable to discharges involving the NTAP is inadequate, and must demonstrate a substantial clinical improvement over existing services or technologies.
  • Certain Antimicrobial Products Alternative Pathway: In FY 2021 the alternative pathway for Qualified Infectious Disease Products (QIDPs) was expanded to include products approved under the Limited Population for Antibacterial and Antifungal Drugs (LPAD) pathway. In the Final Rule, CMS finalized referring more broadly to “certain antimicrobial products” rather than specifying FDA programs for antimicrobials (i.e., QIDPs and LPADs). Products approved through this pathway will be considered new and not substantially similar to an existing technology and will not need to demonstrate that it meets the substantial clinical improvement criterion. However, the technology will need to meet the cost criterion.
  • Certain Transformative New Devices Alternative Pathway: Beginning in FY 2021, “if a medical device is part of FDA’s Breakthrough Devices Program and received FDA marketing authorization, it will be considered new and not substantially similar to an existing technology for purposes of the new technology add-on payment under the IPPS.” However, the new device must meet the cost criterion and must receive marketing authorization for the indication covered by the Breakthrough Device Program designation.

For the alternative pathways, a technology is not required to have a specified FDA designation at the time the application for NTAP is made. Instead, “CMS reviews the application based on the information provided by the applicant only under the alternative pathway specified by the applicant at the time of new technology add-on payment application submission. However, to receive approval for the new technology add-on payment under that alternative pathway, the technology must have the applicable FDA designation and meet all other requirements in the regulations in § 412.87(c) and (d), as applicable.”

Payment for NTAPs

Payment is based on the cost to hospitals for the new medical service or technology. As set forth in § 412.88(b)(2), unless the discharge qualifies for an outlier payment, the additional Medicare payment will be limited to the following:

  • For “Traditional Pathway” and “Certain Transformative New Devices”, Medicare will make an add-on payment equal to the lesser of: (1) 65 percent of the costs of the new medical service or technology; or (2) 65 percent of the amount by which the costs of the case exceed the standard DRG payment.
  • For Certain Antimicrobial NTAPs (QIDPs and LPADs), Medicare will make an add-on payment equal to the lesser of: (1) 75 percent of the costs of the new medical service or technology; or (2) 75 percent of the amount by which the costs of the case exceed the standard DRG payment.
Coding NTAPs

Section X New Technology was added to ICD-10-PCS effective October 1, 2015. CMS has indicated

  • //">link) that “Section X was created in response to public comments received regarding New Technology proposals presented at ICD-10 Coordination and Maintenance Committee Meetings, and general issues facing classification of new technology procedures.”

    FY 2023 NTAPs by the Numbers

    NTAPs are not budget neutral and are limited to the 2-to-3-year period after the date a technology becomes available. In FY 2022, due to the COVID-19 Public Health Emergency (PHE), CMS finalized a one-year extension of NTAPs for technologies that would have otherwise been discontinued beginning October 1, 2021. This was a one-time extension and will not extend the NTAP for technologies no longer considered to be new in FY 2023.

    By the Numbers
    • Twenty-five services or technologies have been approved for NTAPs,
    • The estimated total amount to be paid to hospitals is $783,559,450.89, and
    • The estimated number of cases is 205,148.5.

    Moving Forward

    Identifying and coding new technologies is an opportunity not to be missed for those hospitals providing these services. That said, some questions come to mind for you to think about:

    • Is your hospital providing any of these services or technologies?
    • Who needs to be aware of what the new technologies are? (i.e. Physicians, Pharmacy, Coding Professionals, Clinical Documentation Integrity Specialists, Case Managers)
    • What process do you have in place to alert your Coding Staff of the need to code the new technology ICD-10-PCS codes?

    FY 2023 IPPS CMS webpage:

    CMS Fact Sheet:

  • Article Author: Beth Cobb, RN, BSN, ACM, CCDS
    Beth Cobb, RN, BSN, ACM, CCDS, is the Manager of Clinical Analytics at Medical Management Plus, Inc. Beth has over twenty-five years of experience in healthcare including eleven years in Case Management at a large multi-facility health system. In her current position, Beth is a principle writer for MMP’s Wednesday@One weekly e-newsletter, an active member of our HIPAA Compliance Committee, MMP’s Education Department Program Director and co-developer of MMP’s proprietary Compliance Protection Assessment Tool.

    This material was compiled to share information.  MMP, Inc. is not offering legal advice. Every reasonable effort has been taken to ensure the information is accurate and useful.